The finest and the most prestigious chinaware, Bone china crockery, is a great addition to our kitchenware. Bone China was first developed by Josiah Spode at the end of the 18th Century. It is recognized for its pure whiteness and translucency which means you can see through it when held up to the light. The contemporary and modern look of this delicate-looking crockery has mesmerized the people throughout the world. Bone china crockery has creative designs and portrays. Even though we have been using bone china crockery from long time, we have never paid attention to the word BONE. You will be shocked to know that bone china crockery is made up of ground bones of animals.
Bone china crockery contains up to 45% bone ash, as the key ingredient. Bone ash is prepared by heating the real animal bones at extremely high temperatures (about 1100 to 1250 degrees Celsius) after removing meat and glue. Bones are heated till they become a fine powder. Bone ash provides strength, white color and translucency to the crockery. Other ingredients used to make bone china crockery are kaolin, quartz, feldspar and china clay. All these ingredients and water are mixed with the bone ash to make slurry. This slurry is used to make different types of crockeries in variety of shapes and sizes.
After that, the created crockeries (greenwares) go through First Firing (biscuit) to become white, durable and translucent and then go through Glazing and Second Firing (Glost). Finally, they are decorated using general methods like gold finishing, spraying, hand painting and decal transferring. After decoration, the crockeries are again fired at 700 to 800 degree centigrade so that the pigments blend with the glaze-coatings.
Bone china crockery is more expensive compared to other crockeries. The reason behind that is the expensive raw materials and labour-intensive production. You can use some cruelty-free ideas like purchasing clay, glass, crystal, opal glass, ceramic and earthenware crockery in order to decrease animal cruelty. You can also use stainless steel utensils.
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