There is a beginning of a new life with child birth, having endless possibilities and new experiences. As humans are cultural beings, culture plays an essential role in how children make sense of the world. Generally, culture is defined as the customary beliefs and patterns which are passed on from one generation to the next, by the society they live in or by any social, religious, or ethnic group within it. By including morals, goals, prospects and practices, Culture vitally influences on the children development. Culture and child development meet at the degrees of sensitivity within each child. As by nature, children learn and absorb things regularly from surroundings and this makes them formulate their own ideals, opinions, and outlook on life. Also, media outlets like movies, music, television, video games, internet, and magazines influence children.
By shaping the right character, personality, and identity of a person, only culture supports the child’s social-emotional development that is meaningful to the family. Rules for development are the same for all children, but culture which shapes children is unique to each country, locality, and group of people…so, here we enlisted some different cultures around the world.
With progressive social welfare policies and success in gender parity, a good-natured and diplomatic Sweden gets international attention. Swedish parenting styles have their own unique flavor and it is the focus of many articles, mainly after a law was passed in 1979 banning corporal punishment by parents. At the best, Sweden's parental leave laws provide generous leave up to 16 months for both the mother and the father, two of them are mandatory for fathers. So, there is an equal responsibility of both mother and father in respect of economically, socially and psychologically. Swedish culture and law allow subsidized day care and universal education through college for country students so that Swedish parents can pursue their respective careers without restraint of childcare. There is no stress for the future education as children are subjected to enjoy their education in a carefree and relaxed atmosphere.
Another best thing about Sweden is the introduction of government-sponsored parenting classes, covering discipline, communication and behavior issues. Not just parents of problem children but also parents of "average" children with "average problems can attend the classes. Museums in Sweden facilitate child-friendly tours and buses also new parents can receive government voucher which allow them to get children's books for free from the public library. With such a fostering culture and society, Sweden values children and their unique needs as they grow and develop.
In India, people believe that children are capable of learning from a very young age and they must be given guidance. Mothers in India enjoy close mother-infant relationship by carrying their babies close to their bodies; also co-sleeping with babies during the early years gives much physical closeness between mother and child. All these develop good feelings, good nature and good values in children. However study shows that physical punishment is more prevalent in India than the US. Here, discipline is strict and children are taught to obey their parents. Unfortunately many parents in India, slap, scold, yell, beat, and spank their children for socializing. Even they think that beating, slapping or hitting is the correct way to punish the most severe offenses or to prevent undesirable behavior of children.
One more typical feature of traditional Indian culture is the extended or joint family, where parenting is the domain of maternal and paternal aunts and uncles, grandparents, even distant relatives besides father and the mother. This system is encouraged as a support for the well-nurtured child; however it may cause the blurring of lines when it comes to parenting. But things are different today as more and more traditional meets modern concept of living in a 21st century Indian family. When it comes to the educated and open-minded Indian parent, they have a different style of parenting where child is encouraged to be free and universal in his outlook. The new Indian parents are aware of a child's feelings and capabilities and try to be more open in style to career choices of their children.
China, an Asian country, is roughly the same size as the United States in land mass; it is home to nearly 1.5 billion people with a unique and intricate culture that dates back centuries. With that many people in one country, the Chinese government prompted to put in to place the "One Child" policy in 1979, restricting all Chinese families to only one child. This single child policy motivates parents to produce a higher educated, well-rounded child who is fully active in the society, because they aware of the fact that they have just one chance. On the other hand, it would be worrisome for the more "modern" parents as they have fear that if they push too hard their child or if they are not emotionally involved with their child, he or she will fail. Also, they fear that if they don't push hard enough, their child will still go through the same fate.
In china culture, you find some inappropriate behaviors like Chinese parents have more attachment parenting with infants only, but there are shame and guilt in teaching them as and when they grown into toddler years, really ridiculous! This behavior supposed to cause mental problems later in the child's life. Many of the highly traditional Chinese parents place really strong emphasis on education, even the younger parents who consider themselves to be more "modern" struggle with wanting their children to be successful in their education, without thinking that actually they are harming them psychologically by putting so much pressure on them.
United States culture
Of course United States is multicultural and it has a number of ethnic influences that vary from the general customs, each child goes through the same English educational system. Differing from most Asian or developing countries, American Family planning has created a customary elementary family that has two parents and one child so they can devote much time and effort in child care. Other cultures like Japan or China, place emphasis on the group and what is best for society; however in North America children are raised with the idea of individualism, accentuation on socio-economic status and the importance of money. Here in America privacy is valued more, and so many children have their own room, separate from other family members. Education is fairly laid out for American children, however they are sent to preschool when children are of age about four years old. But once they reach high school and/or the age of 16, legally, they have two options whether to complete their high school education or to stop school.
Freedom is at core in U.S. culture, for ex. a child is fully independent from his family to leave the house as an adult. Even Blended families in U.S. culture destroy children mentally, at least one-third of U.S. children are raised in stepfamilies and spend time with both parents by moving between their parents' homes. 51 percent of parents let their child have a television set in his bedroom, however less than 22 percent of parents remove all the TV sets from the household, worrying about the effect of television in their children's lives. In early years of child, only one in every four parents stays home to care for pre-kindergarten children, and most parents place their children in daycare centers and work outside the home.
Japanese culture is quite distinctive from those common in the United States. The biggest difference is that Japanese parents habitually push children to build up more reliance on their parents, totally against the tendency of much U.S. parenting. Unlike American parents, Japanese parents encourage their children to put others first, their own selves second. To ask questions during class is considered rude for a student, while children are encouraged to ask questions in American classrooms. Japanese school teachers are considered to be the prime disciplinarians of children; in view of this many Japanese parents join children in their preschool. Japanese fathers are similar to American fathers, as they also expend not as much of time with their children. Family environment is more relaxed and easygoing in Japan while the Japanese school system is strict; in result there are increasing school absence among children. Another possibility is that mother-child relationship in Japan is so dominant which also causes a child to become more dependent on that relationship. However, recent Japanese parenting styles are changing because of global climate.
Islam is practiced all over the world but all Muslims are not the same. Muslim families do their best to teach their children Islam at an early age; as on weekends, they send them to private schools or Islamic study classes, which normally housed in Masjids. Moral aspects, love and respect for others are grown in children in this sacred environment as well they are encouraged to regular prayer. Here, children study Arabic language, lessons from the Quran and the lives of the prophets and emulated both at home and school. To encourage Community life is important in young Muslim children, for this, parents take their children to the mosque on a daily basis for prayer and to other activities like community dinners, volunteering, Girl and Boy Scouts, etc.
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